Nanotechnology is the study and application of extremely small things and can be used across all the other science fields, such as chemistry, biology, physics, materials science, and engineering, which is about 1 to 100 nanometers. The idea came out from an American inventor’s mind. Richard Feynman had a talk (,,There’s Plenty of Room at the Bottom”) in America at 1959 Dec. Nanotechnology is impacting the field of consumer goods, several products that incorporate nanomaterial’s are already in a variety of items; many of which people do not even realize contain nanoparticles, products with novel functions ranging from easy-to-clean to scratch-resistant.
Examples of that car bumper are made lighter, clothing is more stain repellant, sunscreen is more radiation resistant, synthetic bones are stronger, cell phone screens are lighter weight, glass packaging for drinks leads to a longer shelf-life, and balls for various sports are made more durable. Using nanotech, in the mid-term modern textiles will become “smart”, through embedded “wearable electronics”, such novel products have also a promising potential especially in the field of cosmetics, and has numerous potential applications in heavy industry. Nanotechnology in Electronics: Improving display screens on electronics devices. This involves reducing power consumption while decreasing the weight and thickness of the screens. Increasing the density of memory chips. Researchers are developing a type of memory chip with a projected density of one terabyte of memory per square inch or greater. Reducing the size of transistors used in integrated circuits.
Done by: Safarov Bakhtiyor, Student first course, “Power engineering” faculty, gr. 430101 A1.