Erasmus Plus is an EU program in education, training, youth and sports for the period 2014-2020. The Erasmus Plus program is based on support for cooperation in higher education. Within this program, two main areas have been developed:
1. Key Action 1 (KA 1: Learning Mobility of Individuals) – Mobility for students and teachers;
2. Key Action 2 (KA 2: Capacity building in the fields of Higher.
Education) – The development of higher education potential. The Erasmus Plus program is funded by the European Commission. These funds are distributed among universities, research centers, teachers and students. The program is primarily aimed at creating partnership agreements between universities in Europe and other regions, so the bulk of funding is directed specifically at universities. Erasmus Plus scholarship programs are strictly defined under direct contracts between 2-3 educational institutions.
The implementation of the Erasmus Plus program is managed by the Executive Agency for Education, Culture and Audiovisual (EACEA – Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency) in Brussels.
In partner countries, including Tajikistan, the program is coordinated by the Erasmus Plus National Office.
Key Action 1 (KA 1):
►Mobility for students for the purpose of training with the subsequent full recognition of credits (Credit Mobility) is designed for students, interns, residents, undergraduates and PhD doctoral students. Duration-from 3 to 12 months. For medical fields, the exception may be extended to 24 months;
►Mobility for the purpose of internships for students from partner countries (Tajikistan) – practice in the workplace in the program countries (EU countries) lasting from 2 to 12 months (when combined with training);
►Mobility of teachers from 5 to 60 days.
Obstacles to participating in a student mobility program:
► the absence of an agreement with universities of the program countries (it is the universities of the European Union that choose the partner university in Central Asia);
► selection of a contingent of students (undergraduates, or students of only 5 courses, or students of only 4 courses, or only teachers, etc.) by the host university of the country of study;
► low GPA at home university;
► the lack of student research papers may become an obstacle during the competition;
► Incorrectly written motivation letter;
► lack of knowledge of a foreign language – most often it is necessary to know academic English at B2 level (TOEFL iBT min 72; IELTS min 5.5);
► taking into account the fact that in European universities medicine at up to the graduate level is taught according to the system of problem-oriented education, only senior students with intermediary classes can take part in competitions (4-5 course).
Key Action 2 (KA 2):
Structural projects (Structural Project) – aimed at systemic impact and promotion of reforms at the national and / or regional level with the support of national authorities in the partner countries:
modernization of public policy, management and management of higher education systems;
strengthening the relationship between higher education systems and the public and economic environment.
Joint projects (Joint Project) – aimed at inter-institutional cooperation at the university level:
development of educational programs;
management and university management;
Strengthen university links with the external economic and social environment.
The duration of the projects is 24-36 months. The size of grants is 500 thousand-1 million Euros.
The consortium of universities takes part in the competition: from the countries of the program min 2 universities plus min from 2 countries-partners on 2 universities. In the structural projects, the founding ministries of the university or the ministry of education also take part.
What is Erasmus +?
Set to last until 2020, Erasmus+ doesn’t just have opportunities for students. Merging seven prior programmes, it has opportunities for a wide variety of individuals and organisations.
Detailed information on these opportunities, including eligibility criteria, is available in the Erasmus+ Programme Guide. An indicative funding guide for some centralised opportunities is also available.
The aim of Erasmus+ is to contribute to the Europe 2020 strategy for growth, jobs, social equity and inclusion, as well as the aims of ET2020, the EU’s strategic framework for education and training.
Erasmus+ also aims to promote the sustainable development of its partners in the field of higher education, and contribute to achieving the objectives of the EU Youth Strategy.
Specific issues tackled by the programme include:
- Reducing unemployment, especially among young people
- Promoting adult learning, especially for new skills and skills required by the labour market.
- Encouraging young people to take part in European democracy
- Supporting innovation, cooperation and reform
- Reducing early school leaving
- Promoting cooperation and mobility with the EU’s partner countries
The outcomes of Erasmus+ are available in reports and compendia of statistics, as well as through the Erasmus+ Projects Platform, which includes most of the initiatives funded by the programme, as well as a selection of good practices and success stories.
Statistics on Erasmus+ are available from the statistics page.
Information on progress towards the ET2020 benchmarks is available from the Education and Training Monitor.
Progress towards the ET2020 benchmarks can also be seen through a series of interactive maps.
Similarly, information about the situation of young people in Europe can be found in the Youth Monitor.
The Erasmus+ Programme is the subject of a mid-term review, set to be completed in 2017, and an impact study, set to be published following the completion of the programme in 2020.
Following the completion of the Erasmus programme, an impact study highlighting the outcomes of the programme was published in 2014